Lubeck – a port city on the Baltic Sea, near the mouth of the River Trave. It is located in the southeaster part of Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany. This city was considered the center of the Hanseatic League.
Oldest part stretched on a hill and is surrounded by the waters of the rivers Trave and Wakenitz. The local landscape is characterized by rolling hills, which was shaped during the ice age. In the Middle Ages a prime location Lubeck contributed to its rapid development.
History of creation
Lübeck was founded in the 12th century. Prior to this there was a small trading Slavic settlement Buku. Here was a small fortress and Ljubica, which since the 11th century began to play the role of the residence of the princely dynasty Nakonidov. Later, pagan Slavs this Christian dynasty was destroyed and burned the fortress.Survivors townspeople moved to Buka to enjoy the protection of a small Danish-Slavic castle. Then, together with the German colonists from the Rhineland, they founded the city of Lubeck.
A few years after its founding, the city was surrounded by a large-scale fortified wall, which is located in the marina, churches, streets and homes. In Lubeck appeared the local government began to publish laws. Under the protection of the prince bishop of Oldenburg Welf dynasty together with the clergy moved here in a specially built for him Cathedral of St. Nicholas.
Free Hanseatic City of Lübeck
In the first half of the 13th century, the Roman Emperor Lubeck bought the status of a free city, and by the mid-14th century became part of the Hanseatic League. It was here that in 1630, the last meeting of the cities of the Hanseatic League. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Lubeck, along with Bremen, Frankfurt am Main and Hamburg, the German retained the status of a “free” city. It is in this status in 1815 Lubeck joined German Confederation, and from the second half of the 19th century – to the German Empire.
In 1937, Nazi authorities deprived the status of a free city of Lübeck and included it in the province of Schleswig-Holstein.
Past and Present
Old Town, which has a thousand-year history, is surrounded by water. Its brick Gothic Middle Ages it produces an incredibly strong impression. However Lubeck is not only an ancient city. It is also a modern port and commercial center.
At the confluence of the River Trave in the Baltic Sea resort area stretches it. Here is a convenient ferry harbour that connects Lubeck ferry traffic to Scandinavia and the Baltic States.
Impressive fortification Lübeck are City Gate, which is decorated with two massive towers. They were built in the 15th century and almost immediately began to be considered a symbol of Lubeck and its main attraction. Today, the building housed the gate historical museum, the collections of which about merchant life in the later Middle Ages Luebeck.
St. Mary’s Church
Another famous landmark Lübeck – St. Mary’s Church . This majestic temple trehnefovy executed in brick Gothic style. Its central nave has a height of 40 meters. Same height it towers is 125 meters. This highest brick church on the planet.
About St. Mary’s Church is located Lübeck Cathedral . It is the largest religious structure on the entire Baltic coast.